Main Article Content

G. Adharsh
R. Sivakumar
К.С. Satyanarayanan


Andaman and Nicobar Islands is one of the most earthquake experienced areas around the world subjected to frequent earthquakes which is being the area of study using rapid visual screening (RVS) method by google maps and field visit as well. Although the google maps and internet sources can be used to cover up 80 percent data required for assessing and quantifying the RVS score but a field visit was made for extracting more relevant data for a detailed study. Port Blair municipal area was narrowed down for the screening since it had the greatest number of buildings. It was found that the moment resisting frames have been used in most of the buildings. RC moment resisting frames, load bearing structures, steel structures and wooden structures were studied in the screening and score was awarded. Gleaned from the score it was derived that old buildings are more susceptible for higher damage in near future then the recently constructed building.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Adharsh, G., Sivakumar, R., & Satyanarayanan К. (2023). SEISMIC VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR BUILDINGS OF PORT BLAIR CITY USING RAPID VISUAL SCREENING AS A TOOL. International Journal for Computational Civil and Structural Engineering, 19(3), 141–154.


The Rapid visual screening tool could be used for the initial screening of buildings through google maps where the plan irregularity in plan can be find out and further study can be done if the full-scale picture is available through internet sources of all the buildings of the selected area.

All though the Port Blair city has shown a steady growth in their infrastructure development and doesn’t show much negative values while screening but the construction practice adopted in the Islands doesn’t meet the regulations of IS13920:2016 of ductile design.

The old buildings which were observed were 50 years old in average which showed significant damage in the crucial areas such as beam column joint.

As the city is of national importance, more detailed visual screening and deep inspection is needed for the buildings which showed the sign of vulnerability during the present study


Alam, N., Alam, M. S., Tesfamariam, S. (2012). Buildings’ seismic vulnerability assessment methods: a comparative study. Natural hazards, 62, 405-424. DOI:

Angeletti, P., Bellina, A., Guagenti, E., Moretti, A.,Petrini, V. (1988, August). Comparison between vulnerability assessment and damage index, some results. In Proceedings of the 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (Vol. 7, pp. 181-186).

Bandopadhyay, P. C., Carter, A. (2017). Chapter 2 Introduction to the geography and geomorphology of the Andaman–Nicobar Islands. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 47(1), 9-18. DOI:

Bhalkikar, A., Kumar, R. P. (2021, February). A comparative study of different rapid visual survey methods used for seismic assessment of existing buildings. In Structures (Vol. 29, pp. 1847-1860). Elsevier. DOI:

New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering (1998-). (2014). Assessment and improvement of the structural performance of buildings in earthquakes: Prioritisation, initial evaluation, detailed assessment, improvement measures: Recommendations of a NZSEE study group on earthquake risk buildings. New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering.

Bandopadhyay, P. C., Carter, A. (2017). Chapter 6 geological framework of the Andaman–Nicobar Islands. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 47(1), 75-93. DOI:

Chourasia, A., Singh, S. K., Singhal, S., Singh, D., & Chauhan, N. (2021). Detailed vulnerability assessment and seismic upgradation of non-engineered masonry building. Journal of Structural Integrity and Maintenance, 6(2), 123-134. DOI:

Federal Emergency Management Agency (US) (Ed.). (2017). Rapid visual screening of buildings for potential seismic hazards: a handbook. Government Printing Office.

Golla, A. P. S., Bhattacharya, S. P., Gupta, S. (2020). The accessibility of urban neighborhoods when buildings collapse due to an earthquake. Transportation research part D: transport and environment, 86, 102439. DOI:

Graziani, L., Del Mese, S., Tertulliani, A., Arcoraci, L., Maramai, A., & Rossi, A. (2019). Investigation on damage progression during the 2016–2017 seismic sequence in Central Italy using the European Macroseismic Scale (EMS-98). Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 17, 5535-5558. DOI:

Harirchian, E., Lahmer, T. (2019, October). Earthquake hazard safety assessment of buildings via smartphone app: A comparative study. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 652, No. 1, p. 012069). IOP Publishing. DOI:

Harith, N. S. H., Jainih, V., Ladin, M. A., Adiyanto, M. I. (2021). Assessing the vulnerability of Kota Kinabalu buildings. Civil Engineering Architecture, 9, 68-77. DOI:

Hassan, A. F., Sozen, M. A. (1997). Seismic vulnerability assessment of low-rise buildings in regions with infrequent earthquakes. ACI structural journal, 94(1), 31-39. DOI:

Ilki, A., Comert, M., Demir, C., Orakcal, K., Ulugtekin, D., Tapan, M., Kumbasar, N. (2014). Performance based rapid seismic assessment method (PERA) for reinforced concrete frame buildings. Advances in structural engineering, 17(3), 439-459. DOI:

Ishack, S., Bhattacharya, S. P., Maity, D. (2021). Rapid Visual Screening method for vertically irregular buildings based on Seismic Vulnerability Indicator. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 54, 102037. DOI:

Jain, S. K., Murty, C. V. R. (2005). Proposed draft provisions and commentary on ductile detailing

Jain, S., Mitra, K., K of RC structures subjected to seismic forces. IITK/GSDMA, EQ11-v4 & EQ16-v3 IIT, Kanpur. umar, M., & Shah, M. (2010, July). A rapid visual seismic assessment procedure for RC frame buildings in India. In Proceedings of the 9th US National and 10th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Toronto, ON, Canada (Vol. 29).

Kassem, M. M., Beddu, S., Ooi, J. H., Tan, C. G., Mohamad El-Maissi, A., Mohamed Nazri, F. (2021). Assessment of seismic building vulnerability using rapid visual screening method through web-based application for Malaysia. Buildings, 11(10), 485. DOI:

Micozzi, F., Scozzese, F., Ragni, L., Dall'Asta, A. (2022). Seismic reliability of base isolated systems: sensitivity to design choices. Engineering Structures, 256, 114056. DOI:

Miyamoto, H. K., Gilani, A. S., Wada, A. (2012). The 2011 Eastern Japan earthquake: Facts and reconstruction recommendations. Proc. 15 WCEE.


Rahman, N., Ansary, M. A., Islam, I. (2015). GIS based mapping of vulnerability to earthquake and fire hazard in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 13, 291-300. DOI:

Rai, D. C. (2005). Review of documents on seismic evaluation of existing buildings. Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur India.

Rai, P. K., Singh, P., Mishra, V. N., Resilience, S. C. (2021). Recent technologies for disaster management and risk reduction. Springer International Publishing. DOI:

Sarmah, T., Das, S. (2018). Earthquake vulnerability assessment for RCC buildings of Guwahati city using rapid visual screening. Procedia engineering, 212, 214-221. DOI:

Shah, M. F., Ahmed, A., Kegyes-B, O. K. (2016, November). A Case Study Using Rapid Visual Screening Method to Determine the Vulnerability of Buildings in two Districts of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. In Proceedings of the 15th international symposium on new technologies for urban safety of mega cities in Asia, Tacloban, Philippines (pp. 7-9).

Sinha, A. K. (2022). Rapid visual screening vulnerability assessment method of buildings: a review. International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration, 9(88), 326. DOI:

Sinha, R., Goyal, A. (2004). A national policy for seismic vulnerability assessment of buildings and procedure for rapid visual screening of buildings for potential seismic vulnerability. Report to Disaster Management Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Hindistan, 1-9.

Sinha, R., Goyal, A. (2004). A national policy for seismic vulnerability assessment of buildings and procedure for rapid visual screening of buildings for potential seismic vulnerability. Report to Disaster Management Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Hindistan, 1-9.

Takahashi, A., Tago, S., Ilki, A., Okada, T. (2004, August). Seismic capacity evaluation of existing reinforced concrete buildings in turkey (effect of retrofit). In Proceedings of 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, Canada: Vancouver (pp. 1-6).

Visuvasam, J., Simon, J., Chandrasekar, R. (2017). Seismic vulnerability assessment of existing residential building at Vellore. Int J Civ Eng Technol, 8(4), 604-610.

Yadollahi, M., Adnan, A., Zin, R. M. (2012). Seismic vulnerability functional method for rapid visual screening of existing buildings. Archives of Civil Engineering, 363-377. DOI:

Yakut, A. (2004). Preliminary seismic performance assessment procedure for existing RC buildings. Engineering Structures, 26(10), 1447-1461. DOI:

Yang, Y., Goettel, K. A. (2007). Enhanced rapid visual screening (E-Rvs) method for prioritization of seismic retrofits in Oregon. Portland, OR, USA: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.